Solid Carbon—A Climate Mitigation Partnership Advancing Stable Negative Emissions

Ocean Networks Canada

Solid Carbon, a collaboration of Ocean Networks Canada and an international team of researchers, is developing an offshore negative emissions technology that aims to turn carbon dioxide (CO2) into rock.

Last Updated: January 2023

Executive Summary

Solid Carbon, an offshore negative emissions technology in development, aims to draw carbon dioxide (CO2) from the air and inject it below the seafloor in ocean basalt, transforming it into rock. Ocean Networks Canada, an ocean infrastructure operator located in British Columbia, Canada, leads the project along with an international team of researchers committed to advancing globally scalable technology urgently required to meet planetary climate targets.

Under all emissions reduction scenarios, negative emissions technologies must be included on a large scale. Solid Carbon cannot fully compensate for rapid CO2 emissions but is vital for the planet, environment, and future generations. Solid Carbon seeks partners to fund a field demonstration at the Cascadia basin off Canada’s west coast to prove that it is “A Global Climate Mitigation Solution,” setting the stage for rapid commercialization and global mass-scale deployment needed for permanent CO2 removal.

Organization Details
Lead Organization

Ocean Networks Canada

Organization Headquarters
Capital Regional District, British Columbia, Canada
Organization ID
84765 0819 PG0001
Number of Full-time Employees
101 to 300
Annual Operating Budget
$25.1 to 50 Million

Charity, fund, non-governmental organization, religious institution, school, or other entity

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In 2019 Ocean Networks Canada and its international team announced a four-year, $1.5 million Solid Carbon feasibility study. Funding was secured for three research activities: 1) systems-engineering floating offshore platforms that house Direct Air Capture technology and injection equipment and alternative systems, powered by renewable energy and scalable globally; 2) design and development of a carbon mineralization demonstration plan; and 3) research on social, regulatory and investor acceptance of Solid Carbon. 

Ocean Networks Canada, the University of Victoria, and the University of British Columbia lead the team. Pacific Institute for Climate Solutions funds the project. The extended project team is composed of U.S., Canadian, and international scientists, and interested industry partners: Columbia University; Columbia Law; University of California-Santa Cruz; Carbon Engineering; University of Calgary; GEOMAR; and the University of Washington. Solid Carbon continues to grow its team, as more companies and governments develop net-zero emissions strategies.

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